August 6, 2020

Learning the 4 language skills plus the missing skill

By: Haytham Ibrahim

When we learn a language, there are four skills that we need for complete ‎communication. When we learn our native language, we usually learn to listen first, ‎then to speak, then to read, and finally to write. ‎

These are called the four “language skills”. The five skills of language (also known as ‎the four skills of language learning) are a set of four capabilities that allow an ‎individual to comprehend and produce spoken language for proper and effective ‎interpersonal communication.

These skills are Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing. In the context of first-‎language acquisition, the four skills are most often acquired in the order of listening ‎first, then speaking, then possibly reading and writing. For this reason, these ‎capabilities are often called LSRW skills.‎

1- Arabic Listening skill

We at Aralingo App believe that in order to speak Arabic well, ‎you must listen to Arabic well. Listening comprehension is a very ‎important skill in Arabic language learning. If you can achieve a ‎high level in comprehension, all other skills will follow.‎

Through listening, you can recognize the pattern Arabic ‎language follows and will be able to learn to speak Arabic ‎fluently and master the Arabic pronunciation skill. That’s why if ‎you focus and isolate a sound or some structure in the midst of ‎what you are listening to, you will able to retain the information ‎better and later you will be able to moving to be more confident ‎when speaking Arabic.‎

Without understanding input appropriately, learning Arabic ‎simply cannot get any improvement. In addition, without Arabic ‎listening skill, no communication can be achieved. Every study ‎conducted regarding language skills acquisition has proved that ‎when we communicate, we gain 45% of language competence ‎from listening, 30% from speaking, 15% from reading and 10% ‎from writing. This is particularly important when students want ‎to learn Arabic language, either Modern Standard Arabic or any ‎Arabic dialects.‎

Thus, listening Arabic precedes the action of when one might ‎want to learn to speak Arabic. That’s why Aralingo App offers ‎Arabic lessons and practices that develop the Arabic listening ‎skill, through the variety of professionally recorded lessons ‎including a huge variety of Arabic vocabulary.‎

‎2- Arabic Reading skill

Enhancing and developing the Arabic reading skill is important ‎as it enables us to comprehend the written equivalent of spoken ‎language. In the case of Arabic language, learn to read Arabic is ‎one of the first steps, along with Arabic writing. That’s why the ‎team of linguists behind Aralingo App noticed that the best way ‎to learn Arabic is by developing the Arabic reading skill along ‎with writing. ‎
When you start to learn to read Arabic, it actually helps with ‎developing Arabic language intuition in the correct form and ‎later on imitating the Arabic words and producing similar Arabic ‎sentences to express the desired Arabic meaning.‎

When you comprehend or understand written Arabic text, and ‎combine their understanding with prior knowledge, they are able ‎to identify simple facts presented in the script, make judgments ‎about the content of the written Arabic text and connect the ‎text to other written passages and situations. The possession ‎of a good Arabic reading skill will enable you to assimilate a ‎written piece of work within a short period while reading Arabic.‎

When you choose to learn Arabic, Aralingo App contains Arabic ‎reading exercises and lessons for every level from beginner ‎Arabic to advanced level.‎

‎3- Arabic Speaking Skill

Arabic Speaking is usually the skill that most Arabic language ‎learners wish to acquire as soon as possible, especially when ‎considering Arabic pronunciation. If you as an Arabic language ‎learner set your mind to learn to speak Arabic, this cannot be ‎achieved easily unless all the other Arabic skills are developed. ‎The best way to learn Arabic involves focusing on all skills at ‎once.‎

Nobody can read Arabic without writing Arabic first or speaking ‎Arabic before listening Arabic first. At the end of the day, all ‎these skills are connected, but the ultimate goal would be ‎acquiring fluent Arabic speech. Also, speaking Arabic used to be ‎the only language skill that was difficult to practice online. This ‎is no longer the case with the amazing Arabic learning app – ‎Aralingo App. The app contains 1000s of exercises and lessons ‎that ask the student to speak from the very beginning, based on ‎what she or he learned so far.‎

The Arabic speech recognition feature also shows how close the ‎speakers are to the natural Arabic pronunciation.‎

‎4- Arabic Writing Skill

Another desire you as an Arabic learner often express is to ‎acquire the ability and know how to write Arabic letters and ‎words. It helps understand the Arabic text and write Arabic ‎compositions, later on developing the ability to use the Arabic ‎language freely. When writing Arabic, you can gradually process ‎Arabic words, maybe even looking them up first before ‎transferring them onto paper or even a digital document.‎

With that, you’re also able to learn Arabic pronunciation and ‎spellings, and also learn basic Arabic words as you go. Once done, ‎you are advised to look back at your Arabic writing. Moreover, ‎writing Arabic is proven to be helpful in retaining information ‎because putting learning Arabic into practice is important for ‎cementing it in your mind. When writing Arabic, people put some ‎degree of thought into evaluating and ordering the information ‎that is being received.‎

That process is what helps fix ideas more firmly leading to a ‎greater recall. So, when you constantly practice Arabic writing, ‎you are less and less likely to forget what you’ve learned. Also, ‎the Aralingo App treats Arabic writing as a way to not just ‎applying knowledge, but also a tool to continually improve Arabic ‎vocabulary and Arabic sentence structure. Plus, you can also ‎practice Arabic reading skill with it!‎

‎5- The missing skill – Arab Culture Skill

If you want to learn Arabic language, you should realize that the ‎Arabic language is a way of communication that carries the Arab ‎culture. The things that people think are important, like family, ‎hospitality, social interactions and so on all deal with Arab ‎cultural values.‎

The knowledge of daily routines and behavior are all linked to ‎cultural behavior. On the other hand the development of ‎intercultural sensitivity and awareness, using the Arabic ‎language are linked to Arabic cultural skills.‎

A speaker cannot translate a native language word by word into ‎a target language or vice versa and meaning is carried through ‎the tone of voice of the speaker of a language; That’s why the ‎linguists who created Aralingo App came up with the idea of ‎introducing Arabic words and Arabic sentences that carry deep ‎Arab cultural meaning in Arabic language and with their Arabic ‎pronunciation.‎

Learning Arabic for beginners and advanced levels should ‎contain this important section (either separate or included ‎within other lessons) that helps you develop Arab cultural skills. ‎Arabic speaking is not enough if it’s not paired with intonation ‎or body language.‎
Aralingo App helps you to improve the 4 Arabic language skills ‎plus the missing 5th skill – Arab Culture Skill.‎

Get started today.‎

Haytham Ibrahim

Haytham Ibrahim, Prof. is a highly qualified Arabic language lecturer. He is an expert in TAFL (Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language.) Maybe — If you are interested in learning Arabic Language — You have come across his name before. Learn more about my Arabic courses and my books from my official website.

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